What Does a Roofer Do?

Roofers Cape Coral work on a variety of different roof types. They use tools like pry bars and roofing shovels to remove old materials, hammers, and nails to install new ones. They often collaborate with other construction professionals, including carpenters and electricians.

Larger roofers may have a customer service department and focus on customer experience. They typically offer many options and have access to multiple crews so that they can schedule your roof replacement quickly.

Roofers work to install, replace, and repair roofs on houses and commercial buildings using various materials such as shingles, tiles, slates, and bitumen. They utilize multiple tools and equipment including ladders, scaffolding, and power tools. They also need to be skilled in identifying and repairing various roofing issues.

Some job duties of a roofer include repairing and replacing areas of the roof and installing vapor barriers and insulation to create a more waterproof seal. They may also assess the roof’s structure to determine the best course of action and provide customers with estimates of how much the work will cost.

Since roofers are often working on other people’s property, they need to be able to provide excellent customer service. They must be polite and respectful when interacting with clients and always adhere to all job safety guidelines.

Roofing is a dangerous job, and it has one of the highest rates of accidents and illnesses of any occupation. Roofers risk being injured from falling off of ladders and scaffolding or getting burned by hot bitumen. Fortunately, most roofers work as part of a team and can minimize the risks involved in this type of work.

Other job duties of a roofer include unloading roofing materials and supplies from trucks, ensuring enough material for the entire roof, and preparing the area where they will be working. They must also safely set up scaffolding and ladders and account for all materials used to complete a project. Roofers must also be able to read blueprints and understand how to apply roofing materials properly.

A career as a roofer is suitable for individuals who enjoy being outdoors and are not afraid of heights. They must be able to perform physical tasks such as climbing, bending, and kneeling for extended periods. They also need to be able to follow instructions and work well in a team environment. Finally, they must be able to work under pressure and meet deadlines.

Roofers, or roofing contractors, install, repair, and replace residential or commercial building roofs. They typically work full-time. Some employers may require that roofers have at least a high school diploma or GED certificate. In contrast, others prefer that they complete an apprenticeship program combining on-the-job training with classroom instruction. Roofer unions sponsor many apprenticeships, which take three years to complete.

In addition to formal education and on-the-job training, most roofers must obtain safety training that complies with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards. The employer usually provides these classes. Roofers should also be familiar with the tools and materials used in this trade. They utilize various hand and power tools, including ladders, hammers, shears, pliers, and tape measures. They also need to understand how to read blueprints and other construction documents.

Since this is a dangerous occupation, roofers must have good balance and manual dexterity to prevent injuries. They often work on scaffolding or ladders at heights of several stories, so they must be able to follow instructions and complete their tasks safely. They must also be able to communicate with architects and other workers on construction sites and interact with clients.

A roofer should have physical strength and stamina to perform strenuous work throughout the day, often in hot weather. They should also enjoy working outdoors and be comfortable with the physical demands of this job. Roofers must have good eyesight and hand-eye coordination because they need to read technical plans and drawings. They should be able to concentrate for long periods and pay close attention to detail.

Some states require roofers to earn a license to practice in this profession. They must pass an examination and provide proof of insurance to qualify for a permit. In some cases, roofers must pass an Interprovincial Standard Red Seal examination to be recognized as certified roofers in other provinces. The Contractor Licensing Board or other state agencies administer these tests.

Working conditions for roofers are often dangerous and difficult. They are constantly at risk of falling from heights, are exposed to the elements, and usually work for long periods in hot temperatures. These conditions can lead to dehydration and heat exhaustion. Having the right workwear and safety equipment is crucial for keeping them healthy.

A roofer can handle various materials, including cement, mortar, sand, slate, wood, plastic, and metal. These materials can be flammable or contain toxic chemicals. Therefore, roofers must always comply with the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) regulations when using them. They should also keep a safe distance from live electrical wires and check for any asbestos before starting work on a building.

Roofing contractors must also be familiar with the regulations for working at heights, as they may have to use ladders or scaffolding when carrying out their tasks. The Working at Heights Regulations 2005 outlines the specific measures that must be taken to protect roofers from falls. They include planning the work, providing suitable and sufficient safety equipment, and ensuring employees know how to use it correctly.

Other professional hazards include repetitive strain injury (RSI), which can affect the forearms, elbows, wrists, and hands when using power tools or manually handling materials. This type of injury can be prevented by varying tasks, taking regular breaks, and changing body positions frequently.

There are also risks associated with being surrounded by dust and other construction debris. Breathing in these substances can lead to lung and respiratory problems, such as silicosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This can be prevented by wearing a face mask when working on sites where silica is used.

Asbestos, often found in older buildings, presents a danger for roofers as it was once widely used in insulation and pipe lagging. It can cause cancer and other diseases in the long term, so roofers must be aware of this potential risk when inspecting old buildings and taking samples for analysis.

The average yearly salary of roofers is $46,920. They can earn more if they have a high level of education and experience. They can also increase their income by switching to another company that offers higher wages. Other ways to make more money are getting promoted or managing a junior roof team.

A career as a roofer provides stable employment and is less volatile than other construction jobs. This is because roofing typically involves repairs, replacements, and new construction. Moreover, roofers are in demand even during economic slowdowns because the need for housing is constant.

One downside of the job is that it can be physically demanding. Roofers must use a lot of strength and balance to work on the rooftops of multi-storied buildings, villas, apartments, and homes. This can cause serious back problems in the long run and worsen with age. Moreover, the physical demands of the job can also cause a lot of stress on the body, which could lead to heart disease, obesity, and mental problems in the future.

In addition, roofers may need to earn more to meet their basic expenses. This is because they usually need better health insurance plans and may struggle to pay their mortgage and other bills. Furthermore, this profession’s low wages mean they cannot save for the future or invest in their children’s education.

On the other hand, some positive aspects of this profession include that roofers often work a 40-hour week and do not have to work on weekends or holidays. This gives them more time to spend with their family and friends. They also can access fresh air, which is healthy for their lungs and body compared to people who work in office jobs and only breathe recycled air throughout the day. Roofers do not have to deal with the same mental fatigue often associated with other careers, such as finance or law. These are some reasons why becoming a roofer is a good choice for those who strongly desire independence and self-sufficiency.

Roofing Basics

A roof is one of the most important parts of your house. It protects you and your family from the elements, including rain and snow.

There are many different types of roofing. Each has its unique look and style, but they all protect the same thing: your home. Contact Anderson Roofing and Exteriors now!

Shingles, which cover the exposed portions of a roof, are the stalwart guardians that protect a structure from rain and other weather conditions. Unfortunately, shingles can suffer from many problems. If you have a problem with your shingles, you must talk to your contractor and the manufacturer. They may help you determine whether the problem is an environmental issue or a product defect.

A common problem with shingle roofing is the formation of blisters. Blistering is the result of volatiles escaping from a shingle’s asphalt mix. Historically, mistakes in shingle ingredient mixing caused these gases to migrate toward the shingle’s surface and create a bubble-like blister. Today, ingredients are metered and mixed automatically, and this problem is much less likely to occur.

Another common issue with shingle roofs is the loss of granules. The granules are small bits of rock and ceramic that provide color to the shingle and protect it from UV radiation. If your shingles are missing a significant amount of granules, it’s important to call for a roof inspection and replacement as soon as possible.

If a shingle becomes loose or is damaged, it can expose the underlayment and allow water to enter your home. This can be particularly damaging if the shingle is covering a seam between two others or is at a low point where water and debris collect.

Generally, shingles have a lifespan of 15 to 20 years. Depending on the quality of the shingle and your roofing system, the lifespan can be significantly longer.

In addition to the usual wear and tear, shingles can also be damaged by hail and other environmental factors. In some cases, the damage can be so severe that it requires a complete roof replacement. When this occurs, finding a professional roofing contractor with the right experience and skills to replace your shingles properly is critical. Ensure the contractor is licensed, insured, and recommended by friends and family. You can also check out their reviews and ratings on referral websites.

Roofing underlayment is an essential component of any roof, providing a barrier against moisture that can cause damage to the deck and living spaces below. It is installed directly on the roof deck before shingles are added, and it helps to prevent water infiltration from causing wood rot and mold growth.

Several types of underlayment are available, each with advantages and disadvantages. Some are better for certain types of roofing, while others may be more suitable for different climates and weather conditions.

Underlayment is usually made of a material like felt or synthetic polymer. It is a thin layer that protects the roof from harsh weather elements and makes it easier to install other roofing materials. Some underlayment types also offer a reflective coating, which can reduce cooling costs in hot climates and help to create a more comfortable indoor environment.

If a roof is not properly protected by underlayment, the shingles could become damaged or lose their adhesive properties. This can lead to leaks, which can cause structural damage and even flooding in the home. In some cases, local regulations require underlayment to maintain a shingle warranty.

A poor-quality underlayment can be easily torn during installation, providing a weak barrier against water infiltration. In addition, it has a limited tolerance for UV rays and is susceptible to mold and mildew. Poor underlayment can also degrade rapidly, causing damage to the roof deck.

Choosing the right underlayment for your roof depends on many factors, including your installation needs, the climate where you live, and the type of roofing material you plan to use. For example, if you have a metal roof, you will need underlayment to handle the heat and prevent rusting.

Some underlayment options are self-adhesive, eliminating the need for nails or fasteners during installation. Synthetic underlayment is a newer option that is more durable than traditional felt. This type of underlayment has a synthetic base coated with asphalt to increase its waterproofing properties, and it can be reinforced with coarse woven material for additional strength. It is more expensive than traditional felt, but it can be much more effective in protecting your roof from the elements.

A roof’s flashing is the last defense against water penetration into a home. This is accomplished by installing thin pieces of impervious metal at all the points where a wall or roof intersects or projects outward, like chimneys, dormers, vent pipes, and window openings. Flashing is made from malleable metals like aluminum, copper, and galvanized steel and comes in various shapes and sizes to match the specific area in which it’s being installed.

Roof flashing is installed in areas of the roof that are prone to leaks, such as valleys and where two roofs meet. There are several types of flashing, including step flashing, counter-flashing, and roll valley flashing. The most common type of flashing is shaped like an L, though other forms include V-shaped and T-shaped. These are often used around chimneys, plumbing vents, and skylights but can also be found in different areas where pipes and roof protrusions occur.

Flashing is also placed under shingles where they meet walls or other roof structures. This helps prevent moisture from getting into a house or other building through these areas, which is a vital part of any roofing system.

If the flashing is damaged or deteriorates, it may be necessary to replace it. This can lead to costly repairs and even a full roof replacement in some cases. Fortunately, it’s easy to check for damage or deterioration in flashing. You can do this by examining the exposed portions of it.

When a roof is installed, the flashing is typically coated with a protective zinc layer to help prevent corrosion. This coating is very important for the longevity of the flashing, and it’s important to examine this layer regularly. If it becomes corroded, this can cause holes in the flashing, allowing water to seep through the roof and into a house or other structure below. This is an extremely serious issue, and it should be fixed immediately. You should also check the flashing for dents and other signs of wear and tear. These can include cracks in the corners, holes, and rust spots. These should be addressed right away, as they can quickly lead to more major problems like leaks and mold.

Ventilation is bringing fresh air into a space or building and removing polluted air. It helps regulate indoor temperatures, reduces energy costs, and protects roofing materials. Without proper roof ventilation, hot air can build up in the attic, causing moisture problems and shortening the lifespan of your roof.

A proper ventilation system consists of intake and exhaust vents placed strategically throughout your attic and roof area. These vents work in tandem to create a continuous cycling of air that keeps your attic cool and prevents moisture build-up within the roof.

Intake vents are typically installed in the soffit, while exhaust vents are located near the roof peak. Proper ventilation is essential for both summer and winter. In the summer, heat from your home warms the attic air, and adequate ventilation allows this hot air to escape through your vents instead of re-heating your living spaces. In the winter, ventilation prevents moisture from forming inside your roof, which can cause ice dams and leaks in the home.

Whether you’re installing a new roof or replacing your old one, installing an efficient ventilation system is vital to the longevity and health of your home. Contact your local roofing contractor to learn more about the options available for your home’s specific needs.

The most common type of roof vent is the ridge vent, which is cut into the roof ridge and runs the length of your attic. This type of vent is popular because it keeps the look of your home and can be used in conjunction with gable vents to provide a balanced ventilation system. Other roof vents include soffit vents, box vents, and gable vents. Each type has pros and cons, depending on your climate, attic style, and roof.

The Benefits of Pressure Washing

Rather than spend your weekend scrubbing outside your home with a brush and bucket of water, hire a professional to perform pressure washing for you. A professional knows how to use the equipment and the correct settings to ensure safe, thorough cleaning without damaging surfaces.

Pressurized Washing uses heated water to blast away dirt, mildew, and moss from hard-to-reach areas. It’s also less harsh on surfaces than regular soapy water. Contact Sarasota Pressure Washing today!

Pressure washing is a great way to clean your home’s concrete, stone, asphalt, and wooden surfaces. It’s an effective way to remove mildew, mold, and dirt buildup and restore their appearance. It’s also a popular choice for preparing surfaces for painting and staining.

But, if it’s not used properly, the high-pressure water spray can damage surfaces like wood, brick, and stucco. It can also strip away existing paint, reducing its lifespan. If you will pressure wash your exterior surfaces, hire a professional who knows how much pressure to use and how long to hold the nozzle over each area.

If you decide to use a pressure washer, read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions and carefully secure any accessories like extension or telescoping wands. The recoil of the hose can throw you off balance and cause injury if not held properly. It’s also important to wear proper safety gear when using a pressure washer, especially when working at heights.

Protecting surrounding plants and shrubs from the blast of water is important. You can cover them with tarps or plastic sheets to shield them from the water and chemicals. However, be careful not to cover them too long as this can create a greenhouse effect and overheat the vegetation. Using a wide spray pattern and maintaining a safe distance from your cleaning surface is also a good idea.

Pressure washing removes harmful bacteria and viruses from surfaces, making them safe to touch. Indoor and outdoor surfaces can harbor bacteria and viruses that can cause illnesses such as food poisoning, respiratory infections, and more. When done regularly, pressure washing kills these contaminants and prevents them from returning.

When algae, mildew, and mold build up on outdoor surfaces, they can release toxins into people’s air. This can trigger asthma, bronchitis, and other respiratory conditions. Pressure washing eliminates these substances and, when used with detergents and disinfectants, can also kill the germs.

A dirty building exterior can also lead to slips and falls, among the most common workplace accidents. Pressure washing sidewalks, walkways, parking garages, and other outdoor areas eliminate grease, dirt, mildew, bird droppings, and other substances that can cause someone to slip and hurt themselves. Regular cleaning by a professional pressure washer can prevent these hazards.

It is important to note that while pressure washing can be very beneficial, it can pose serious health risks if not done correctly. For example, gas-powered pressure washers can release carbon monoxide (CO) into the air, which is dangerous if inhaled. Additionally, pressure washers that are not properly adjusted can cause damage to surfaces such as wood, vinyl, and paint. Professionals use a variety of nozzles and settings to adjust the spray’s power and protect surfaces from damage. They also use proper safety equipment such as face masks, rubber gloves, overalls, and eye protection. A good pressure washer will also take the time to set up its tools away from flammable materials and in a well-ventilated area.

Pollen is not only unattractive, but it also has the potential to cause various issues for building occupants. As a major contributor to seasonal allergies, it can lead to watery eyes, itchy skin, sneezing, and coughing. Fortunately, pressure washing is an effective way to rid surfaces of pollen and prevent it from sticking around for too long.

Unlike a regular garden hose, which has difficulty washing away pollen, a professional-grade power washer can easily blast dirt, dust, and debris off any surface. Even better, the right amount of pressure can be used to avoid damaging surfaces and structures. This makes it an excellent choice for cleaning the exteriors of commercial buildings.

Although it is unavoidable that some pollen will stick to your home, regularly pressure washing your outdoor surfaces can drastically reduce the amount of pollen that collects and clings to your property. Think of a car covered in pollen next to a freshly washed vehicle—the difference is immediately apparent.

Additionally, while pollen is an irritating allergen, it’s not nearly as harmful as other biological growth like mildew and mold, which can cause physical damage to your home. Regularly pressure washing your home can help remove these and other potentially dangerous allergens, making your house more allergy-friendly.

While many homeowners will try to rinse away pollen with a garden hose, they may need to get the full benefit of this method. With enough water pressure and the right settings, getting pollen off vertical surfaces, where it tends to settle, can be easier. Additionally, if the pollen becomes stuck in cracks and crevices, it can become sticky and difficult to wash off entirely.

If you’re considering selling your property, whether a residential home or a commercial building, routine pressure washing can help increase its value. This is because a clean driveway or exterior walls will look newer and more attractive, making it more appealing to prospective buyers.

Dirt, mildew, and other grime can cause the materials of a building to deteriorate faster than they should. This can mean you will need to repair or replace those materials much sooner than you would otherwise. Pressure washing can remove this dirt, which will help to prevent it from causing any damage and prolong the lifespan of your property’s materials.

Regular cleaning and maintenance is necessary for any homeowner, but it’s especially important if you plan to sell your property. A dirty-looking house can turn off potential buyers and leave them with the impression that it needs to be in better condition or needs a lot of work. However, if your property is regularly cleaned with a pressure washer, it will be much more appealing to potential buyers, who will likely pay a higher price for it.

A professional pressure wash can quickly and effectively remove stains, mold, mildew, algae, moss, and other debris that can build up on surfaces like roofs, patios, decks, driveways, and siding. Regularly cleaning these areas of your home will not only improve its curb appeal but will also help protect your family’s health and safety. This is because it can help keep your home free from harmful pollutants that the wind could blow in, which can cause respiratory problems for your family.

Investing in professional pressure washing is a great way to save money on cleaning. It is more effective than manual cleaning and requires less effort. It’s also environmentally friendly, which is a huge plus in this day and age. Most professional pressure washing solutions do not contain harmful chemicals to the environment or people.

Regularly washing the exterior of your home with a high-powered washer will help you avoid costly repairs in the future. This is because dirt and grime can cause damage to your siding, decking, roof, and other areas of your property if left unchecked. Regularly washing your exterior can prevent this damage and protect your investment.

Professionally, pressure washing your commercial building is an excellent way to boost its value and curb appeal. If your building is covered in dirt, it gives customers the impression that it needs to be better cared for and isn’t worth their time or money. Regularly pressure washing your building can make it look brand new, boosting its value and increasing the number of potential customers.

It’s common for dirt and grime to build up outside your house or business. Over time, this can lead to mold, mildew, and other bacteria that can damage your property if left unchecked. Professional soft Washing using a pressure washer is an effective way to remove the dangers of these dangerous organisms and keep your family or employees healthy. This will help you avoid expensive mold and mildew repairs in the future. In addition, pressure washing can help you avoid other costs associated with maintaining your property. For example, regular pressure washing can remove oil and food spills to prevent staining if you have an outdoor kitchen. This will save you from buying a new patio set or other expensive replacements for your outdoor living spaces.

What to Look for in a Roofing Contractor

A roofing contractor is a professional who renovates roofs by replacing and repairing shingles. They also inspect roofs for damage. They will provide written estimates that include the work to be done, materials, expected completion date, and cost.

Generally, a roofer is not required to hold a home improvement contractor license, but it’s a good idea in some areas. For more information vist Roofing Durham NC.

A roofing contractor has the expertise to perform home-improvement tasks, such as removing and installing new roofs. They also have access to quality materials at wholesale prices, allowing them to offer their services reasonably. They can work with clients to determine what kind of roof they need and provide a cost estimate. Ideally, they should have a portfolio of previous work to show customers.

Roofing contractors may be self-employed or employed by a company. In larger construction firms, they may be responsible for a team of others. This can include apprentices, sheet metal workers, plumbers, and electricians who help install roofs and other elements. They are usually required to be registered with their local government and must abide by building codes and safety regulations.

In addition to working on roofs, roofing contractors install windows and siding. They often work near other homes and must be careful not to disturb the residents. This can involve ensuring minimal noise levels and debris is cleared away regularly. They can also be responsible for arranging insurance coverage and writing contracts that comply with the laws of the land.

Experienced roofing contractors understand the job’s requirements, which allows them to give accurate estimates and timelines. They should be able to discuss any potential problems or issues with the client and provide them with solutions to keep the project on track. A roofing contractor should also be able to offer a warranty on their artistry and product warranties for the materials used.

Choosing the right roofing contractor for your needs can be difficult, but it is important to take the time to do your research. Ask for references and check their website to see if they have any testimonials from past customers. You can also look at websites like Reddit and Trustpilot to see what other people have said about their experiences with different roofing companies.

A roofing contractor with a good reputation is a trustworthy professional. A reputation is the general opinion others have about you, whether good or bad. Roofing contractors with good standing often get substantial warranties from manufacturers, giving you added peace of mind that your roof will be covered for a long time after installation. A reputable contractor will also not be a storm chaser, as scammers often come out after storms to perform poor work and disappear. A reputable roofing contractor will be local and stay in business. Generally, these professionals will have excellent customer service and great reviews.

Roofing contractors have unique insurance coverage needs due to the demanding nature of their work. Having the right business insurance will help protect your company in the event of an accident, theft, or damage to property. Several pricing factors can impact the cost of insurance premiums, including the number of employees and your company’s claims history.

You will need workers’ compensation insurance if you have one or several employees. This will provide monetary compensation to your workers if injured on the job. It will also cover medical expenses and any lost wages. A worker’s compensation claim can be expensive, so you must choose a policy with adequate limits to cover your losses.

General liability insurance may provide financial protection for third-party injuries or property damage caused by your roofing business during operations. For example, a falling tool may cause injury to a passerby or damage a parked car. This type of insurance will pay for repairs, legal costs, and settlement awards. Errors and omissions insurance (professional liability) may pay for legal defense and settlement costs if a client accuses your roofing company of poor artistry or misrepresentation.

Commercial auto insurance covers your vehicle and those of your employees. It can also pay for the loss or damage of any tools, supplies, or equipment in your care, custody, or control. Carrying this insurance when you use subcontractors is especially important, as their coverage is often limited.

You can determine if a roofing contractor has insurance by checking their ACORD Certificate of Insurance or COI. This single-page summary of their insurance coverage must often be provided to potential clients. Look for the policyholder’s name and direct contact information in the top corner of the document.

Roofing is dangerous, and selecting the right contractor for your home is important. To minimize risk, you should always request a roofer’s insurance verification and review their current policies to ensure adequate coverage.

The warranty of a roofing contractor is an important aspect to consider when choosing one. This guarantee protects homeowners against artistry errors made during the installation process. Ideally, it should cover up to 10 years of repair work. Moreover, it should cover the cost of materials. Some manufacturers even offer extended warranties of up to 30 years for roofing products. A contract is not a substitute for quality artistry, but it mitigates risk and offers peace of mind to homeowners investing in a new roof.

Besides a manufacturer’s material warranty, you should also ask your roofer about an artistry warranty. This type of warranty covers any installation errors by the contractor and can range from a few years to a lifetime. It is a great sign that the roofing contractor takes their work seriously and is willing to stand behind it.

Manufacturer material warranties typically cover shingle issues and can last several years to decades. However, they only sometimes cover problems from improper installation or environmental conditions. The best thing to do is check with the manufacturer to see what kind of warranty is included with your purchased shingles.

Most reputable roofing contractors will offer standard artistry warranties for up to 25 years. These cover labor and installation error repairs and indicate a roofer’s reliability and customer service. In addition to the length of the artistry warranty, it is important to read the fine print and understand what scenarios might void the contract.

Some roofers will also offer an enhanced warranty that combines the coverage of both a manufacturer’s material warranty and a roofing contractor’s artistry warranty. This is the ideal option for homeowners as it provides them with maximum protection for their investment. However, be aware that some manufacturers require homeowners to register their warranty within a certain time frame after the completion of the project. Please do so to avoid a loss of warranty coverage. Hence, it is vital to register your warranty with the manufacturer as soon as possible after installation.

Many roofing contractors are certified or registered with the state. However, some localities and cities have licensing requirements for roofers. Requires that roofers have a business license. Additionally, local government websites are a good place to start looking for information on licensing requirements for roofers.

Those wishing to become a residential roofer should take high school mechanical drawing, building and construction, and mathematics courses. In addition, they should be able to stand on ladders and scaffolding for long periods and have the ability to read blueprints and technical manuals. Other helpful courses include welding, electrical, and plumbing. It is also important to be able to communicate with clients politely.

Some residential roofers train through an apprenticeship program administered by union-management committees representing roofing contractors and locals of the Roofers, Waterproofers, and Allied Workers. Apprenticeships usually last three years and include a structured program of work experience with classroom training on safety practices, how to work safely, and arithmetic.

Some states require residential roofers to be licensed or certified before they can do work. Roofers must get a state license by submitting an application form and passing the PSI examination. They must also have liability insurance and a $15,000 surety bond to meet licensing requirements.